RESOURCES

RECOMMENDED ARTICLES & RESEARCH
De Jonge A, van Diem M, Scheepers P, van der Pal-de Bruin K, Lagro-Janssen A (2007)Increased blood loss in upright birthing positions originates from perineal damage.BJOG;114: 349–355 
Di Franco, J,T, Romano, A,M, Keen, R (2007)Care Practice #5: Spontaneous Pushing in Upright or Gravity-Neutral Positions.Journal of Perinatal Education, Vol 16(3), pp 35–38, doi: 10.1624/105812407X217138 
Gupta JK, Hofmeyr GJ, Smyth R. (2012)Position in the second stage of labour for women without epidural anaesthesia.The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; May 16,5: CD002006. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002006.pub3 
Gizzo S, Di Gangi S, Noventa M, Bacile V, Zambon A, Nardelli GB. (2014)Women's choice of positions during labour: return to the past or a modern way to give birth? A cohort study in Italy.Biomed Research International 
Keen R, DiFranco J, Amis D, Albers L (2004)Position Statement #5Non supine (e.g. upright or side lying positions for birth.Journal of Perinatal Education. Vol 13(2) pp 30 -34 
Lavender T and Mlay R. (2006)Position in the second stage of labour for women without epidural anaesthesia: RHL commentary.The WHO Reproductive Health Library; Geneva: World Health Organization. 
Lawrence A, Lewis L, Hofmeyr GJ, Styles C.(2013)Maternal positions and mobility during first stage labour.Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 10. Art. No.: CD003934. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003934.pub4. 
Nasir A, Noorani K.J, and Korejo R (2007)Childbirth in squatting position.Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi. 
 Priddis H,Dahlen H,Schmied V(2012)What are the facilitators, inhibitors, and implications of birth positioning? A review of the literature.Women Birth.Vol25(3):100-6
Read JA, Miller FC, Paul RH (1981)Randomized trial of ambulation versus oxytocin for labour enhancement: a preliminary report. American Jnl Obstetrics & Gynaecology. Mar 15;139(6)669-72 
Reitter A, Daviss B-A, Bisits A, et al. (2014)Does pregnancy and/or shifting positions create more room in a woman’s pelvis?Am J Obstet Gynecol 211: 662. e1-9. 
Shermer, R. H. and Raines, D. A. (1997),Positioning During the Second Stage of Labor: Moving Back to Basics. Journal of Obstetric, Gynaecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 26:727–734. doi:10.1111/j.1552-6909.1997.tb02748.x 
Terry RR, Wescott J,O’Shea L, Kelly,F (2006)Postpartum outcomes in supine delivery by physicians v non supine delivery by midwives. J am Osteopath Association. Vol 106 (4) pp199-202 
RECOMMENDED BOOKS
Calais-Germain, B and Pares, NV (2009)Preparing for a Gentle Birth – The Pelvis in Pregnancy.Healing Arts Press 
Donna, S (2010)Optimal Birth – what, why and how A Reflective, Narrative Approach Based on Research Evidence (3rd ed)Fresh Heart Publishing 
Jowitt, M (2014)Dynamic Positions in Birth: A fresh look at how women's bodies work in labour.Pinter & Martin 
Reuwer, P, Bruinse, H, and Franx, A (2009)Proactive Support of Labor - The Challenge of Normal Childbirth.Cambridge University Press 
Simkin, P and Ancheta, R (2011)Labor Progress Handbook (3rd ed).Wiley Blackwell 
INFORMATION LEAFLETS / GUIDELINES / REPORTS
Birthsparks Ltd. Independent Survey on Giving Birth & Birth Positions
Royal College of Midwives (RCM) Evidence Based Guidelines for Midwifery Led Care in Labour –Positions for Labour & Birth
National Childbirth Trust (NCT) Helping your baby into the best positions

The Pelvic Guru Theultimatepelvic anatomy resource

Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Women’s Health FIT FOR BIRTH Information for Pregnant Women

OASIS -ObstetricAnalSphincter Injuries Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) Third and Fourth degree Perineal Tears, Management (Green-top Guideline No. 29)

Having a Baby in Scotland 2013.Women’s Experiences of Maternity Care. NHS Scotland (2014)

RECOMMENDED VIDEOS
Comfortable, Upright Birth Animation

RECOMMENDED BLOGS
STAND & DELIVER
Upright Birth in Hospitals
SCIENCE & SENSIBILITY
Are upright positions harmful?
WELL-ROUNDED MAMA
Healthy Birth Practices - Get upright
Healthy Birth Practices - Walk, Move and Change Position
Historical and Traditional Birthing
EVIDENCE BASED BIRTH
What is the Evidence for Pushing Positions? by Rebecca Dekker (October 2012)
LAMAZE INTERNATIONAL
Pros and Cons of 11 Common Labor Positions by Paulina G. Perez

Comfortable Upright Birth (CUB) References
Postpartum Outcomes in Supine Delivery by Physicians vs Non-supine Delivery by Midwives. Richard R. Terry, DO; Jeanne Westcott, CNM, PhD; Laura O’Shea, RD, CNM, MSN; Frank Kelly, MD, MPHJ Am Osteopath AssociationApril 1, 2006vol. 106 no. 4199-202 
Non-Supine (e.g., Upright or Side-Lying) Positions for Birth. Lamaze International Education Council, Keen R, DiFranco J, Amis D, Albers L, Journal of Perinatal Education. 2004 spring; 13(2): 30–34. 
Position in the second stage of labour for women without epidural anaesthesia: RHL commentary. Lavender T and Mlay R. The WHO Reproductive Health Library; Geneva: World Health Organization. (last revised: 15 December 2006). 
Child birth in squatting position.Ayesha Nasir, K.J. Noorani, Razia Korejo Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi. 2007 
Positioning during the second stage of labor: moving back to basics. Shermer RH. Raines DA. JOGNN: Journal of Obstetric, Gynaecologic, and Neonatal Nursing. 1997 Nov-Dec; 26(6): 727-34. 
Position in the second stage of labour for women without epidural.Gupta JK, Hofmeyr GJ, Shehmar M. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 5. Art. No.: CD002006. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002006.pub3. 
Lawrence A, Lewis L, Hofmeyr GJ, Dowswell T, Styles C.(2013) Maternal positions and mobility during first stage labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 2. Art. No.:CD003934; DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003934.pub2. 
Read JA, Miller FC, Paul RH.(1981). Randomized trial of ambulation versus oxytocin for labour enhancement: a preliminary report. Am J Obstet Gynecol. Mar 15;139(6)669-72. 
Birthsparks Ltd. Independent Survey on Giving Birth & Birth Positions, 2016. Survey on Giving Birth 

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